Understanding the Menstrual Cycle: Hormones that Regulate It

Understanding the Menstrual Cycle: Hormones that Regulate It - MBDH Wellness

The female body goes through a complicated physiological process known as the menstrual cycle. It includes the loss of the uterine lining in the absence of fertilisation and is a set of processes that the body goes through to be ready for pregnancy. This blog post will discuss the menstrual cycle, its phases, and the hormones that regulate it.

What is the Menstrual Cycle?

The menstrual cycle is a set of occurrences in the female body that take place about every 28 days to get the body ready for conception. The development and shedding of the uterine lining are regulated by a complicated interplay of hormones, which also controls the menstrual cycle.

The menstrual cycle has four phases, which are as follows:

Menstrual Phase:

The uterine lining is lost during the menstrual phase, which is the first stage of the menstrual cycle. Blood and other body fluids are therefore discharged from the vagina. This time frame typically lasts three to seven days.

Follicular Phase:

The follicular phase begins after the menstrual cycle and lasts for around 14 days. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which is released at this time by the pituitary gland, aids in the growth of ovarian follicles. These follicles house eggs, which create oestrogen as they develop.

The menstrual cycle's ovulatory phase, which starts around day 14, is characterised by the ovary's release of a fully developed egg. Ovulation is brought on by a spike in luteinizing hormone (LH).

Luteal Phase: 

The luteal phase, which starts after ovulation and lasts for around 14 days, is the next stage. During this phase, the ruptured follicle that released the egg turns into a structure called the corpus luteum, which produces progesterone. The corpus luteum disintegrates if the egg is not fertilised, which causes the progesterone levels to decline and signal the beginning of a new menstrual cycle.

Which Hormones Control Menstruation?

The menstrual cycle is regulated by a number of hormones. The main hormones at play are:

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH):

The pituitary gland releases a hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which promotes the development of ovarian follicles.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH):

The pituitary gland also secretes LH, which causes ovulation to occur.


Estrogen serves a critical function in preparing the uterus for pregnancy. Estrogen is generated by the developing ovarian follicles.


The corpus luteum produces progesterone, which is necessary for preparing the uterus for implantation.


In conclusion, the female body goes through a complicated physiological process known as the menstrual cycle to become ready for conception. A complex interaction of hormones, including FSH, LH, oestrogen, and progesterone, controls it. For sustaining reproductive health and for improving menstrual symptom management, it is important to understand the menstrual cycle and the hormones that control it.

Post comment

Share on

Related Posts